Sore throat is a feeling of discomfort, irritation, scratchiness and sometimes pain in the throat. Although sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections the most common causes of sore throat are viral infections.
Other risk factors of sore throat include age (Children and teens are more susceptible to sore throats). Exposure to smoke, exposure to someone with a sore throat, weather, weak immune system or acid reflux disease.
A sore throat may sometimes be accompanied by sneezing, coughing, mild headaches, runny nose, watery eyes, or low fever.
Although sore throats may be uncomfortable and may make swallowing difficult, they usually go away on their own after some days and some natural home remedies will help you feel better faster as you recover.
Here are 12 natural home remedies to cure a sore throat.
1. GARGLE WITH SALT WATER
Gargling with salt water is one of the most common natural home remedies for sore throat. It is known to help kill bacteria in the throat, ease burning pain and speed up the healing of irritated mucus membranes. Salt has antibacterial properties and may help ease sore throat discomfort and pain. Add 1 tablespoon of salt to a cup of warm water and stir till dissolved. gaggle with the solution three to four times daily.
Honey is a tasty sweetener that can be added to tea or water or just taken as it’s raw and which provides relief for pain and help fight infection. Hone has antibacterial properties that allow it to heal wounds, relief pain, and reduce inflammation. Honey can kill bacterial and helps fight off viral infections. A study by Mayo Clinic showed that honey can reduce nighttime coughing and improve sleep. It also showed that honey is an effective common cough suppressant ingredient, dextromethorphan in typical over-the-counter doses. Another 2013 research showed that honey is an effective wound healer. which means it may help heal a sore throat.
3. MORE FLUIDS
Although sore throats make swallowing uncomfortable, drinking water or other fluids will help make your throat feel better in the long run. Fluids will make the throat moist and prevent dehydration. Avoid caffeine and alcohol – they can dehydrate you. Drink warm water as many times as possible, you may add lemon to the warm water to create an acidic environment for viruses and bacteria. This natural home remedy provides instant relief for sore throat.
4. MARSHMALLOW ROOTS
This grandma’s natural home remedy for sore throat has been since the middle ages. Marshmallow contains mucilage – a compound that coats and lubricates the throat when swallowed. A 2005 study found that a herbal cough syrup containing dry ivy leaf extract and mucilage of marshmallow is effective in treating coughs due to colds and bronchitis.
5. APPLE CIDER VINEGAR
Apple cider vinegar is the fermented liquid made from crushed apples. According to Health Line ACV creates an alkaline environment in the body which may help kill off some bacteria and viruses. It may also help thin mucus secretions and make them easier to expel. It has antibacterial properties that help to fight germs and bacteria. ACV also contains inulin – a prebiotic that boosts immunity by increasing the number of white blood cells and T cells in the body. Add 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to warm water and gargle with it several times a day.
Echinacea has been considered a popular natural home remedy for sore throat, colds, and flu for centuries. A 2000 study shows that cold or flu can be relieved in a shorter period by treating with echinacea tea at the early stages. Another study in 2006 suggested that echinaforce is effective in preventing and treating common cold. It stimulates the immune system and makes effective to fight infection. In a 2009 study, a total of 154 patients who were at least 12 years old with acute sore throat were treated with echinacea spray. The study concluded that echinacea is as effective and well-tolerated natural home remedy for acute sore throats.
7. LICORICE ROOT
Licorice is a sweet herbal tea that people have used as a natural home remedy for sore throat for ages and also to treat a variety of ailments. It is available in many forms like candies, herbal teas, liquid extracts, and capsules of dried herbs and has more than 300 antiviral and antimicrobial properties. Consuming licorice tea in large quantities may result in side effects. Talk to your doctor before trying licorice tea.
Using a humidifier in the rooms where you spend a lot of your time will help keep the air moist and help soothe your throat. Adequate humidity can help reduce the risks of dry nasal passages, sore throats, coughs, nose bleeds, and respiratory diseases.
9. LEMON WATER
Lemon fights bacteria and helps to reduce mucus. Honey coats the throat. Mix lemon juice and honey in a glass cup of warm water for this natural home remedy for sore throat. This will relieve the symptoms temporarily. Repeat it several times during the day.
10. GINGER ROOT
Ginger had been from ancient times and known as one of the best anti-inflammatory agents. Studies show that ginger has anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce the risk of many conditions including sore throat. It also has anti-microbial properties that may help fight infections. A 2013 study shows that ginger has the potential to prevent, relieve and make recovery from sore throat faster. Add 2 tablespoons of freshly grated ginger to 1 cup of warm water, to make ginger tea.
Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties and is also a powerful natural home remedy for cold and flu. Many people have said turmeric is their go-to natural home remedy for sore throat. Add half teaspoon of turmeric to a half cup of warm water, add another half teaspoon of salt and gargle first thing in the morning. wait for about 30 mins before eating or drinking anything for effective results.
When you have sore throat try to give your voice rest. Talk less and save the singing till you feel much better. Don’t talk or sing too loud or for too long. Also, be sure to get a lot of rest. Sleep helps the body to fight against infection.
When to see a doctor
Most sore throat goes away on their own after a few days usually 5 – 10 days. Many times home remedies are enough to give relief and make you feel better. However, according to the American Academy Of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, you should consult your doctor if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- If your sore throat becomes severe and persistent
- You have a fever higher than 101 degrees without other cold symptoms
- Pain or hoarseness that lasts longer than two weeks
- You have difficulty swallowing or breathing
- Difficulty opening your mouth
- Joint pain
- Lump in neck
- Swelling of the face or neck