Healthy Living

Smoking: Effects of Smoking | How To Quit Smoking

Smoking is bad for your health so much so that the packs of cigarettes have that smokers are liable to die young. It harms various organs of the body and can lead to diseases and disabilities that are life-threatening.

According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention it is the leading cause of preventable death, accounting for more than 480,000 deaths each year in America. Smoking is a leading cause of cancers, heart diseases, diabetes, strokes and lung diseases. It also increases the risk of tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and eye diseases.

Second-hand smoking or passive smoking contributes to about 41,000 deaths among non-smoking adults and 400 infants each year.

Effects Of Smoking On The Body


Smoking damages the heart and blood circulations and increases the risk of coronary heart diseases, heart attacks and strokes. Some chemicals found in cigarette smokes can damage the lining of coronary arteries, which can increase the risk of coronary artery disease. Puffing cigarette can also increase the risk of peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels) and cerebrovascular disease (damage of arteries that supply blood to the brain).


Smoking can cause serious health problems for the lungs. Coughs, colds, wheezing, and asthma are just the beginning. Puffing cigarette increases the risk of developing and dying from a chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder. American Lung Association reports that it causes approximately 90% of lung cancer deaths and approximately 80% COPD.


According to the CDC – smoking can affect pregnancy and baby’s health before and after birth in several ways including:

  • Increasing the risk of ectopic pregnancy
  • Increased risk of preterm/early delivery
  • Reduced baby weight
  • It can lead to sudden infant death syndrome
  • It can lead to miscarriage
  • other birth defects.

Erectile dysfunction is a major risk for men that smokes. Genetic damage of the sperm, reduced sperm count ad damage to the blood vessels of the penis are other associated risks.

In women, smoking can lead to reduced fertility, menstrual circle irregularities or absence of menstruation, and also increased risk of cervix cancer.


The CDC reports that active smokers are 30%-40% more likely to develop diabetes than non-smokers. Smoking causes type 2 diabetes and can make it more difficult to control.


Smokers are more susceptible to long-lasting illnesses and inflammation in the body and also other infections such as pneumonia and influenza.


In addition to lung cancer, smoking cigarette can also contribute to other cancers like mouth cancer, throat cancer, colon cancer, cervical cancer, kidney cancer, and acute myeloid cancer.


Women who smoke and have past childbearing age are at risk of brittle bones. Smokers are also at increased risk of gum disease and tooth loss. Smoking can also alter your sense of smell and taste. It exposes you to a greater risk of depression and anxiety. repeatedly trying to suppress the feeling of withdrawal.


  • Make a decision to quit smoking
  • Notice why and when you smoke. figure out what makes you smoke and when u do it, the practically eliminate it from your routine.
  • Get rid of all your cigarettes and anything that might make your quitting difficult.
  • When you feel the urge to smoke, distract yourself with something else to free the urge. (chew gum, hard candy, or just bite on a toothpick)
  • Tell your friends and family you’re quitting and ask them to support you. Your friends and family would be interested and be willing to offer their support to help you live a healthier life. they will also be able to encourage and motivate you on your journey to a new path.
  • When you quit you might experience some odd feelings like being very irritable, difficulty concentrating, increased appetite and serious urge to smoke. Don’t worry they’ll all pass.
  • Eat regularly and eat healthily.
  • When you feel like going back to smoking, think about all the positive things about not smoking, the health benefit to you and your family.

It is never too late to stop smoking. Quitting cut risks of mouth cancer, throat cancer, oesophageal cancer, and bladder cancer by half within 2 to 5 years. Cardiovascular risks are reduced greatly within one year of quitting and 10 years of quitting smoking cut the risk of dying from lung cancer by half. A year after quitting smoking, the risk of heart disease is reduced by half. After 15 years it is the same as someone who never smoked.

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