Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary system including the bladder and urethra. UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and affect several parts of the urinary tract. The body sometimes can fight the bacteria without any complications but if left untreated it can spread to the kidney causing bigger problems.
Although UTI affects both men/women and symptoms are often similar in both parties, it is more common in women. Approximately one in three women will experience a clinically significant UTI before they are thirty and about 50% of women will have at least one occurrence in their lifetime.
RISK FACTORS FOR URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)
- The risk is higher women because women’s urethra is shorter and closer to the anus which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the urinary tract.
- other risks for UTI include being sexually active (new sexual partner or having unprotected sex)
- Previous UTI
- Age (older adults are more likely to get UTI)
- Kidney Stone
- Urinary Catheter Replacement
- Prostate Enlargement
SYMPTOMS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)
Common symptoms include but not limited to:
- Pain or burning sensation when urinating
- Pain in the penis before or after urinating
- Frequent or intense urge to urinate without passing much urine
- Urine with a foul smell
- Bloody urine
- Nausea and Vomiting
- A general feeling of being unwell
Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, lower back pain, penile discharge, pelvic or rectal pain.
TREATMENT OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)
Antibiotics are the most common type of treatment for UTIs. In most cases, signs and symptoms improve shortly after the commencement of antibiotic medications. The type of antibiotic prescribed usually depends on the type of bacteria causing the infections and allergies to any antibiotics. The length of treatment depends on the severity of infection, whether you have repeated infection, relief of symptoms.
According to NDDK. Men may need to take antibiotics longer because bacteria can move into the prostate gland which surrounds the urethra. Always follow PRofessional’s instruction carefully and completely when taking antibiotics
NATURAL WAYS TO TREAT URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)
Antibiotics aren’t the only method of treating UTIs. Urinary Tract Infection can also be prevented and treated with a couple of home or natural remedies. However, it is important to be careful with home remedies and be sure to seek professional advice before trying out any method on your own.
Here are some natural home remedies you can try to ease your pain without antibiotics:
DRINK LOTS OF WATER
water is the best. Drinking lots of water will help flush out the infection causing the UTI and also speed up healing. Water also dilutes the urine and make it less painful. It also makes pee more often thereby helping to pass out the bacteria causing urinary tract infection as much as possible. Drink at least three liters of water per day. Take a break from soda and caffeinated drinks: they can irritate your bladder.
DONT HOLD URINE
When trying to ease or treat UTIs don’t hold off going to the bathroom. Urinating frequently helps to pass out the bacteria causing the urinary tract infection and stops them from growing or multiplying. In addition to drinking lots of water, go when you need to go.
TAKE MORE VITAMIN C
Studies have shown that vitamin c makes the urine more acidic and inhibits the growth of bacteria in your urinary tract. Eat a lot of foods high in vitamin c or take vitamin c supplements. A 2007 study evaluated that taking 100mg of vitamin c daily can reduce the risk of urinary tract infection, improve the health level of gestating women.
Although research is unclear about cranberry treating urinary tract infection. Many people have written that cranberry juice is helpful in preventing UTIs. Adding that it makes the urine more acidic and prevents harmful bacteria from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract.
AVOID FOODS THAT WILL IRRITATE YOUR BLADDER
Coffee, alcohol, soda, spicy foods or foods with lots of sugar are things you should stay away from when trying to ease or treat urinary tract infection (UTIs). These foods might decrease blood flow to the bladder which will make it harder for your immune system to fight off the infections.
Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can keep the urinary tract healthy and free from dangerous bacteria. They prevent harmful bacteria from attaching to urinary tract cells. Lower urine PH thereby making the condition uncomfortable for harmful bacteria. Probiotics can be taken in the form of supplements (capsules or powder mixed with water or beverages). It is also found in foods like yogurts and some type of cheese.
PRACTICE GOOD SEX HYGIENE
Being sexually active greatly increases the risk of urinary tract infections. Practicing good sex hygiene can help lower the risk of transferring bacteria during sex activities or intercourse. Few things you should do includes:
- Urinating before and after sex
- Use a condom
- Wash your genitals before and after intercourse
- Wash your genitals or change your condom if you are changing to oral sex
- Tell your sexual partners about your previous or current UTIs
PRACTICE HEALTHIER HABITS
Practicing healthier habits can help you recover quickly from urinary tract infections and also prevent the occurrence of other infections.
- Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear, so air can keep the area around the urethra dry.
- Wipe from front to back if you are a woman – This keeps bacteria from getting back into your urethra.
- Use separate toilet papers to wipe genitals and anus
- Quit Smoking